- Why Is Gasket Material Important For Gasoline?
- What Are The Key Factors Of Gasket Material Selection?
- Different Gasket Material Types
- Considerations For Gasket Materials
- Learn More
Gaskets are crucial components in different pieces of equipment. They provide a mechanical seal, ensuring that fluids do not leak into other areas, causing contamination. Since they are a critical part of various systems it is important to choose the right type of gasket during the production process. In particular, manufacturers must select a gasket that is made from the right material.
The material a gasket is made from will alter how it operates for a specific application. There are various materials used for producing gaskets. This makes it more difficult to choose the right option. Below, we’ll discuss some of the key considerations that you should keep in mind when choosing a gasket material for gasoline fluid process equipment.
Why Is Gasket Material Important For Gasoline?
There are thousands of engineered materials specifically produced by production companies. Despite the massive selection of materials, no one material will fit the requirements of all applications.
Gaskets provide a cushioning, sealing material between two parts of a piece of equipment to ensure that leakages do not become an issue. Every machine that uses gasoline requires gaskets to ensure that they work correctly. This includes hydraulic, pneumatic, and mechanical equipment regardless of the size of the material.
Gasket material is important for gasoline because it must correspond directly with a specific use or requirement. For instance, the gasket material used for an internal combustion engine needs to be compatible with fuel system components including fuel injectors.
If the wrong gasket material is chosen then this could mean that a piece of equipment does not work correctly. A potential gasoline leak could even result in machinery being unsafe. If gasoline leaks through joins, it may cause a fire hazard.
What Are The Key Factors Of Gasket Material Selection?
There are various factors that should be considered when choosing the right gasket material for a specific application. For instance, the gasket material must be compatible with the fluid that is being used. In this case, that is gasoline. The material also needs to withstand the pressure temperature for the system. It is also worth considering the service life required for the specific gasket. In some cases, it may be necessary to choose a gasket material that will provide extended levels of durability.
The gasket should also withstand chemical attacks from the substance that is being handled. Similarly, the gasket material can not contaminate the substance or liquid in any form.
Ideally, the gasket material should make the gasket easy to remove for repairs and maintenance. It should also be resilient to any changes in terms of temperature and pressure. The gasket should be capable of adjusting to the movements of the surrounding materials due to changes like this.
The material must not be porous to the specific substance or fluid that is being transferred and needs to be compressed to match the imperfections of the materials, creating the perfect seal.
Different Gasket Material Types
There are various different gasket materials that may be suitable for use in the automotive industry as well as for other applications. These are some of the options that can be considered as well as their unique characteristics that could mean they are the correct choice for a specific application.
Metal gaskets are ideal for high-pressure applications. A metallic gasket will provide a line contact or alternatively may contain the fluid through the use of wedging after the flush connection surfaces touch. These gaskets may also be referred to as ring gaskets. They tend to have an octagonal or cross section.
Some metallic gaskets can handle pressure up to 20,000 psi. Due to this, metal gaskets are commonly used in gasoline and oil industrial systems. They are typically secured with high-tension bolting.
Some of the most common materials for metallic gaskets include monel, stainless steel, low carbon steel, and Inconel.
Rubber is one example of a non-metallic or soft gasket. They provide compression between two surfaces with low levels of pressure or tension. They can be used in applications where the fluid contents have low levels of pressure themselves and as such can not force a pathway through the gasket. A key benefit of non-metallic soft materials such as rubber is that they are affordable. They can also be used for low-temperature applications. However, certain materials that are non-metal such as graphite can be used in high-temperature systems up to 500 degrees celsius.
Cork Gasket Materials
Cork gasket materials are lightweight and very stable. They also have the ability to resist water penetration and provide a high level of compressibility as well as a strong resistance to oil with no lateral flow. A key benefit of using cork is that it will remain durable and is resistant to issues with wear.
Cork may also be combined with rubber to create a synthetic material that can be used to provide both flexibility and resilience. This can help provide a stronger defense against different weather conditions as well as environmental issues such as fungus and acid.
Non-asbestos gasket materials replaced asbestos gaskets following the 1990’s ban on toxic materials. Previous to this ban, asbestos gaskets were commonly used for heavy industrial applications as well as for engines. Asbestos was used for gaskets due to its fantastic level of heat resistance. As well as providing resistance to higher temperatures, non-asbestos gaskets are also resistant to different chemicals and provide a high level of joint stability.
Today modern non-asbestos gaskets are created from materials such as aramid fibers that are blended with polymers. These are designed for use with high-temperature applications.
Gaskets can be made from Viton. This is a brand of fluoropolymer elastomer and rubber. It is suited for both harsh environments as well as high temperatures. A commercial grade material, Viton will also withstand harsh chemicals as well as cold environments and is commonly used for gaskets that will be used in OEM. The temperature range of Viton is between -20°C and 205°C. This depends on the grade of the material. It can withstand lower temperatures such as -30°C. However, this will only be the case for short working periods.
Gaskets may also be made from silicone in the form of sponge and foam or even as a solid. Silicone gaskets are 100% waterproof and as such will not degrade over time due to water exposure. They are also flexible which means that they won’t sustain damage at high temperatures. The material won’t shrink either however it is not suitable for steam or hydrocarbon applications.
Considerations For Gasket Materials
There are numerous considerations that must be explored when choosing the right gasket materials for a specific application. Here are the main factors that manufacturers should keep in mind.
First, it is important to consider the temperature requirements. The max temperature of the gasoline will change depending on the level of compression and sealing properties provided by the material. Since gaskets are often in direct sunlight, it is possible for internal temperatures to reach anywhere up to 140 degrees. As such, the material must compensate for this requirement. Similarly, the material of the gasket should also be able to withstand freezing temperatures without the risk of cracks or breaks developing over time.
Exposure to UV light and ozone can cause certain materials such as rubber to degrade. Ozone is derived from a variety of sources including high voltage components. Ozone and UV exposure is a concern because it will break down the polymers. When this occurs the gasket will no longer be effective at preventing liquids. As mentioned, certain materials such as silicone are more effective at avoiding issues caused by UV and ozone exposure.
If there are high levels of pressure on a system then it’s possible that joints will deform over time. As such, pressure should be another key consideration when choosing the best gasket material. Gaskets that are bought on the market today will typically be provided with a P x T rating. This provides key information in terms of the maximum level of pressure and temperature that a gasket can withstand when fitted to a system.
Another key consideration is the media that the gasket will be exposed to during regular use. It’s important to note that gas will be more difficult to seal compared to a liquid. As such, a stronger gasket will be required. Certain chemicals will impact the integrity of the material that is chosen for a gasket. This can make various other properties and characteristics of the gasket material redundant. It’s also important to recognize that certain chemicals will become more aggressive at particular temperatures. This is another reason why the temperature of the liquid or gas is important.
We hope this helps you understand some of the key considerations when choosing gasket materials. If you need more assistance or are keen to order gaskets please do not hesitate to contact MEGA Gaskets using our web page. One of our friendly experts will respond to your query without delay.